The following research papers provide useful information and perspectives on the key issues around coal seam gas (CSG) in the community. This list is also available for download, Independent research on coal seam gas Word icon. [220 KB Word].

Water

For information on the impacts of CSG on water, including flowback and produced water:

Khan, S & Kordek, G 2014, Coal seam gas: produced water and solids. Prepared for the Office of the NSW Chief Scientist and Engineer PDF icon. [1.92 MB PDF], School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, UNSW, 28 May.

GasFields Commission Queensland 2014, CSG water treatment and beneficial use in Queensland, Australia PDF icon. [992 KB PDF], Technical Communication 2, November 2014.

Fell, C 2014, Water treatment and coal seam gas: discussion paper for Office of NSW Chief Scientist and Engineer PDF icon. [1.04 MB PDF], Fell Consulting, NSW.

Anderson, DJ, Rahman, PF, Davey, EK, Miller, BM & Glamore, WC 2013, Background paper on groundwater resources in relation to coal seam gas production PDF icon. [5.63 MB PDF], WRL Technical Report 2013/09, Water Research Laboratory, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UNSW, November 2013.

NSW Department of Primary Industries Office of Water 2013, Water and coal seam gas: frequently asked questions PDF icon. [116 KB PDF], Fact sheet no. 5, April 2013.

NSW Department of Primary Industries Office of Water 2013, Water and coal seam gas: managing coal seam gas produced water PDF icon. [80 KB PDF], Fact sheet no. 4, April 2013.

Fugitive emissions

For information on fugitive emissions and CSG:

GasFields Commission Queensland 2014, Historical evidence of landscape gas seeps in Qld coal basins PDF icon. [228 KB PDF], April 2014.

Day, S, Connell, L, Etheridge, D, Norgate, T & Sherwood, N 2012, Fugitive greenhouse gas emissions from coal seam gas production in Australia, CSIRO, Australia

Day, S, Dell'Amico, M, Fry, R, Tousi, HJ 2014, Field measurements of fugitive emissions from equipment and well casings in Australian coal seam gas production facilities PDF icon. [1.29 MB PDF], CSIRO, Australia, June 2014.

Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland Government, Well head safety, (key findings available online).

Department of Employment, Economics Development and Innovation 2010, Investigation report: Leakage testing of coal seam gas wells in the Tara 'rural residential estates' vicinity, Queensland Government PDF icon. [1.80 MB PDF], 1 June.

Hydraulic fracturing

For information on hydraulic fracturing:

Cook, P 2013, The potential application of fraccing to coal seam gas production in New South Wales PDF icon. [1 MB PDF], draft letter and report for the Office of the Chief Scientist and Engineer of NSW.

Department of the Environment 2014, Hydraulic fracturing ('fraccing') techniques, including reporting requirements and governance arrangements, background review PDF icon. [1.10 MB PDF], Commonwealth of Australia.

Jeffrey, R 2012, Hydraulic fracturing for coal seam gas (CSG) stimulation in NSW PDF icon [144 KB PDF], prepared for the NSW Office of the Chief Scientist and Engineer, CSIRO Australia, Report EP122949.

Leusch, F & Bartkow, B 2010, A short primer on benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) in the environment and in hydraulic fracturing fluids PDF icon. [192 KB PDF], Griffith University.

Office of the NSW Chief Scientist & Engineer 2014, Fracture stimulation activities: information paper, Independent Review of Coal Seam Gas Activities in NSW PDF icon. [248 KB PDF], 30 September.

Earthquakes

For information on the causes of, hazards relating to, and monitoring of earthquakes in Australia:

Geoscience Australia, Earthquakes, web page.

Gibson, G., & Sandiford, M 2013, Background paper: seismicity and induced earthquakes PDF icon. [1.36 MB PDF], report commissioned for the Independent Review of Coal Seam Gas Activities in NSW by the NSW Chief Scientist & Engineer: Melbourne Energy Institute, The University of Melbourne.

Risks and management

For information on the risks and management of CSG:

Adam, Keith 2013, Health effects of coal seam gas – Tara PDF icon. [84 KB PDF], Medibank Health Solutions Pty Ltd, 19 February.

Carter, John 2013, Background paper on horizontal drilling PDF icon. [4.15 MB PDF], report commissioned for the Independent Review of Coal Seam Gas Activities in NSW by the NSW Chief Scientist & Engineer, Report No. AGR-1721, 23 October, Advanced Geomechanics.

Office of the NSW Chief Scientist & Engineer 2014, Environmental risk and responsibility and insurance arrangements for the NSW CSG industry PDF icon. [4.05 MB PDF], 30 May.

Office of the NSW Chief Scientist & Engineer 2014

Taylor, M, Sandy, N & Raphael, B 2013, Background paper on community concerns in relation to coal seam gas PDF icon. [972 KB PDF], Disaster Response and Resilience Research Group, School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, 11 June.